Import-Export Declaration and Clearance Process

Import-Export Declaration and Clearance Process

Import Declaration and Clearance Process
1. Transmission and/or Submission of a Declaration: Complete an Import Declaration and transmit it to the Customs. A shipping company/customs broker has to forward a ship arrival report, and manifest to the e-Customs system. If there is no error, the e-Customs system’s response message is forwarded to the shipping company/customs broker. When the cargo arrives at the port or place of entry, an importer or a customs broker forwards an Import Declaration to the e-Customs system.
2. Verification of the Declaration: Check and verification of the Declaration and all supporting documents made by an importer. In this step, the selectivity profile system will specify the Goods Declaration to be the Green Line or Red Line. Importer can complete the taxes payment at once giving the Goods Declaration to be the Green Line.
3. Payment of Import Duties and Taxes: Payment of applicable duties and taxes and/or guarantee. There are currently 3 means for the payment of import duties and taxes: payment at the Customs Department, payment via e-Payment system and payment at banks.
4. Inspection and Release of Cargo: Inspect and finally release cargo from Customs custody. An importer submits the verified Declaration together with the payment receipt at appropriate warehouses for the release of goods. At this stage, cargo data is screened against predetermined selectivity criteria in order to indicate whether the Declaration is under a Red Line or a Green Line. A Green Line Declaration is cleared within a few minutes without Customs intervention. Then, the cargo status is electronically sent to both the Port Authority and the importer/Customs broker. In case of red line, the Port Authority removes the cargo container for physical inspection by Customs before the release of the cargo.
Export Declaration and Clearance Process
1. Transmission and/or Submission of a Declaration: Exporter/broker submits an Export Declaration in ebXML message through VAN or internet to the e-Customs system.
2. Verification of a Declaration: Check and verification of the Declaration and all supporting documents made by an exporter. As soon as the e-Customs system receives the Export Declaration data, such data is preliminary validated. In cases where the validated data contains no error, the Goods Declaration number is generated in conjunction with the e-Payment system (if export taxes and duties are applicable.). The response message, then, is transmitted to the exporter/broker.
3. Payment of Duties and Taxes: Payment of applicable duties and taxes and/or guarantee. There are currently 3 means for payment of export duties and taxes: payment at the Customs Department, payment via e-Payment system, and payment at banks.
4. Inspection and Release of Cargo: Inspect and finally release cargo from Customs custody. At this stage, a freight forwarder loads cargo into containers and electronically sends a cargo control report to the e-Customs system. The e-Customs system validates the data. If no error is found, the cargo control report number is automatically generated by the system and the response message is sent to the freight forwarder and the exporter/broker. The freight forwarder then prints out the cargo control report with its number and removes the cargo to the port of exit. At this stage, the Customs officer at a sub-gate checks whether the declaration is a Red Line or a Green Line. In case of the green line, the Declaration is cleared within a few minutes. In case of the red line, the cargo is removed for physical inspection.